SOQL Aggregate Functions

Aggregate functions in SOQL, such as SUM() and MAX(), allow you to roll up and summarize your data in a query. For more information on aggregate functions, see ”Aggregate Functions” in the Salesforce SOQL and SOSL Reference Guide.

You can use aggregate functions without using a GROUP BY clause. For example, you could use the AVG() aggregate function to find the average Amount for all your opportunities.

AggregateResult[] groupedResults
= [SELECT AVG(Amount)aver FROM Opportunity];
Object avgAmount = groupedResults[0].get(\’aver\’);
Note that any query that includes an aggregate function returns its results in an array of AggregateResult objects. AggregateResult is a read-only sObject and is only used for query results.

Aggregate functions become a more powerful tool to generate reports when you use them with a GROUP BY clause. For example, you could find the average Amount for all your opportunities by campaign.

AggregateResult[] groupedResults
= [SELECT CampaignId, AVG(Amount)
FROM Opportunity
GROUP BY CampaignId];
for (AggregateResult ar : groupedResults) {
System.debug(\’Campaign ID\’ + ar.get(\’CampaignId\’));
System.debug(\’Average amount\’ + ar.get(\’expr0\’));
Any aggregated field in a SELECT list that does not have an alias automatically gets an implied alias with a format expri, where i denotes the order of the aggregated fields with no explicit aliases. The value of i starts at 0 and increments for every aggregated field with no explicit alias. For more information, see ”Using Aliases with GROUP BY” in the Salesforce SOQL and SOSL Reference Guide.

Queries that include aggregate functions are subject to the same governor limits as other SOQL queries for the total number of records returned. This limit includes any records included in the aggregation, not just the number of rows returned by the query. If you encounter this limit, you should add a condition to the WHERE clause to reduce the amount of records processed by the query.


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